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USAID/Sweden FARMA II supported the BiH Plant Health Protection Administration (PHA) to develop the guide with instructions on appropriate phytosanitary control on quarantine harmful organisms, specific for the Russian Federation. This activity was required by the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance of Russian Federation, following their visit to BiH in August last year.

During the summer of 2016, the Russian Federation banned imports of fruit and vegetable from BiH, due to the lack of information about the phytosanitary status of country. BiH fruit and vegetable producers reported major losses. Rosselkhoznadzor (Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance of Russian Federation) in August conducted the inspection visit in BiH. The purpose of the visit was to get acquainted with the BiH system of phytosanitary control of products exported to the Russian Federation, which pose high phytosanitary risk (fruit, vegetables, potatoes, grapes, etc.). The inspection concluded that BiH control system has deficiencies, including the fact that phytosanitary control is carried out without taking into account phytosanitary requirements of the Russian Federation.

In order to resume the export of fruit and vegetables to the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH (MoFTER) has been tasked to take appropriate measures to remove the deficiencies.

USAID/Sweden FARMA II supported the BiH Plant Health Protection Administration (PHA) to develop the guide with instruction on appropriate phytosanitary control on quarantine harmful organisms. This guide will be used by phytosanitary inspectors for identification of quarantine pests and the necessary phytosanitary measures for shipment intended for export to Russia.